Lesson 17: Ordiniamo una pizza?

Lesson 17: Ordiniamo una pizza?

 

You’re going to find…

Grammatica: Passato Remoto di Essere e Avere

Vocabolario: Numeri ordinali (1-50)

Dialogo: Ordiniamo una pizza?

Esercizi

Something about Italy and a little tip!

Key

 

GRAMMATICA

PASSATO REMOTO DI ESSERE E AVERE

In these lessons, we’re going to learn how to conjugate the irregular verbs of the Passato Remoto. Of course, we begin with the most useful ones: Essere and Avere.

ESSERE

Io fui

Tu fosti

Lui/lei fu

Noi fummo

Voi foste

Loro furono

AVERE

Io ebbi

Tu avesti

Lui/lei ebbe

Noi avemmo

Voi aveste

Loro ebbero

VOCABOLARIO

NUMERI ORDINALI (1-50)

The numeri ordinali (ordinal numbers) identify the order type of a set, they express the position of things which are placed in order.

1. Primo/a

2. Secondo/a

3. Terzo/a

4. Quarto/a

5. Quinto/a

6. Sesto/a

7. Settimo/a

8. Ottavo/a

9. Nono/a

10. Decimo/a

11. Undicesimo/a

12. Dodicesimo/a

13. Tredicesimo/a

14. Quattordicesimo/a

15. Quindicesimo/a

16. Sedicesimo/a

17. Diciassettesimo/a

18. Diciottesimo/a

19. Diciannovesimo/a

20. Ventesimo/a

21. Ventunesimo/a

22. Ventiduesimo/a

23. Ventitreesimo/a

24. Ventiquattresimo/a

25. Venticinquesimo/a

26. Ventiseiesimo/a

27. Ventisettesimo/a

28. Ventottesimo/a

29. Ventinovesimo/a

30. Trentesimo/a

31. Trentunesimo/a

32. Trentaduesimo/a

33. Trentatreesimo/a

34. Trentaquattresimo/a

35. Trentacinquesimo/a

36. Trentaseiesimo/a

37. Trentasettesimo/a

38. Trentottesimo/a

39. Trentanovesimo/a

40. Quarantesimo/a

41. Quarantunesimo/a

42. Quarantaduesimo/a

43. Quarantatreesimo/a

44. Quarantaquattresimo/a

45. Quarantacinquesimo/a

46. Quarantaseiesimo/a

47. Quarantasettesimo/a

48. Quarantottesimo/a

49. Quarantanovesimo/a

50. Cinquantesimo/a

DIALOGO

ORDINIAMO UNA PIZZA?

Marco: 1. Cosa mangiamo stasera?

Will: 2. Ordiniamo una pizza?

Marco: 3. Ok! Come la vuoi?

Will:4. Io vorrei una Margherita.

Marco: 5. Io una Quattro Formaggi. 6. Sarah, tu cosa vuoi?

Sarah: 7. Per me una Quattro Stagioni.

 

8. Marco chiama in pizzeria

 

Pizzeria: 9. Pronto?

Marco: 10. Buonasera, vorrei ordinare tre pizze. 11. Una Margherita, una Quattro Formaggi e una Quattro Stagioni.

Pizzeria: 12. Qualcos’altro?

Marco: 13. No, grazie.

Pizzeria: 14. Sono 30 euro. 15. Le mandiamo tra mezz’ora.

 

ESERCIZI (KEY AT THE END OF THE LESSON)

1. Traduci il dialogo

Risposte esatte: …/30 (2 punti per ogni risposta esatta)

2. Inserisci il verbo corretto (Passato Remoto di Essere e Avere)

a)      Rosa … una brava persona.

b)      Alessandro … gentile con noi.

c)       Io … poco educato con mia sorella.

d)      Loro … molti figli.

e)      Voi … ospitali con la sua famiglia.

f)       Noi … sempre presenti.

g)      Loredana … una vita difficile.

h)      Tu … generoso.

i)        Anita … una bella infanzia.

j)        Michele … assente.

Risposte esatte: …/10

3. Scrivi il numero ordinale corrispondente

a)      34

b)      50

c)       23

d)      45

e)      12

f)       1

g)      21

h)      9

i)        4

j)        5

k)      30

l)        32

m)    44

Risposte esatte: …/13

 

SOMETHING ABOUT ITALY AND A LITTLE TIP!

Qualcosa sulla pizza…

La pizza nacque nel 1889 a Napoli. Un pizzaiolo napoletano e sua moglie crearono la Margherita. Usarono la mozzarella, il basilico e il pomodoro ispirandosi alla bandiera italiana. La Regina Margherita la apprezzò talmente tanto che la chiamarono così in suo onore.

Something about pizza…

Pizza was born in Naples in 1889. A pizzaiolo from Naples and his wife created the Margherita. They used mozzarella cheese, basil and tomato since they got inspired by the Italian flag. Queen Margherita appreciated that so much they called it that way in her honor.

Ricette della vera pizza napoletana

Considerata la sua origine, la vera pizza è quella di Napoli. Troverai una ricetta per prepararla qui http://altaristorazione.myblog.it/archive/2010/09/12/la-vera-pizza-napoletana.html.

Recipes of the authentic pizza from Naples

The authentic pizza is from Naples because of its origin. You’ll find its recipe here http://altaristorazione.myblog.it/archive/2010/09/12/la-vera-pizza-napoletana.html.

 

KEY

1. 1.What will we eat tonight?/2.Shall we order a pizza?/3.Ok. What type of pizza would you like?/4.I’d like a Margherita./5.I’d like a Quattro Formaggi./6.Sarah, what kind of pizza would you like?/7.I’d like a Quattro Stagioni./8.Marco calls the pizzeria./9.Hello?/10.Good evening, I’d like to order three pizzas./11.One Margherita, One Quattro Formaggi and one Quattro Stagioni./12.Anything else?/13.No, thanks./14.It’s 30 euros./15.We’re going to deliver them in half an hour.

2.fu/fu/fui/ebbero/foste/fummo/ebbe/fosti/ebbe/fu

3.trentaquattresimo/cinquantesimo/ventitreesimo/quarantacinquesimo/dodicesimo/primo/ventunesimo/nono/quarto/quinto/

trentesimo/trentaduesimo/quarantaquattresimo

Risposte esatte: …/53

Se le tue risposte esatte sono 51/53, buon lavoro!

Se le tue risposte esatte sono 48/50, bravo/a!

Se le tue risposte sono meno di 47, non male, ma rivedi gli argomenti che ti fanno dubitare!

Posted in Learn Italian | Leave a comment

Lesson 16: Al ristorante

Lesson 16

Al ristorante

You’re going to find…

Passato Remoto: Uso

Vocabolario: Numeri 100-1000

Dialogo: Al ristorante

Esercizi

Something about Italy and a Little Tip!

Key

 

GRAMMATICA

Passato Remoto: Uso

We use the Passato Remoto in order to describe past actions which happened a long time ago and not recently. Examples:

Ci sposammo nel 1950.

We got married in 1950.

Andammo a New York nel 1993.

We went to New York in 1993.

Michele si svegliò nel cuore della notte.

Michele woke up in the middle of the night.

Let’s focus on two important factors. In Italy, Southern people show the tendency to use the Passato Remoto more frequently than Northern people, who have the custom to use more the Passato Prossimo than the Passato Remoto. The other factor is emotion based. If we feel an emotional connection with something that happened a long time ago, we have the tendency to use the Passato Prossimo instead of the Passato Remoto because we feel close to that moment. We haven’t studied the Passato Prossimo yet, so in the future we’re going to understand better the so-called “emotion factor”.

If we compare the Passato Remoto to the Imperfetto, we can notice a substantial difference. The Imperfetto, as we’ve already learned, refers to actions which used to be repeated in the past. The Passato Remoto focuses on actions which are finished.

Imperfetto’s time line:

———>

Studiavo

Parlavo

Facevo

Ascoltavo

Passato Remoto’s time line:

———|

Studiai

Parlai

Feci

Ascoltai

Soon we’re going to learn how to conjugate it.

VOCABOLARIO

Numeri: 100-1000

100 Cento

200 Duecento

300 Trecento

400 Quattrocento

500 Cinquecento

600 Seicento

700 Settecento

800 Ottocento

900 Novecento

1000 Mille

DIALOGO

Al ristorante

Cameriere: 1. Buonasera, cosa desiderate ordinare?

Sarah: 2. Io vorrei un piatto di pasta alla carbonara.

Will: 3. Per me un piatto di pesce spada.

Marco: 4. Una pizza, per piacere.

Cameriere: 5. E da bere?

Sarah: 6. Una bottiglia di vino rosso.

Marco: 7. E una d’acqua, grazie.

ESERCIZI (KEY AT THE END OF THE LESSON)

1. Traduci il dialogo in inglese.

Risposte esatte: …/14 (2 punti per ogni risposta esatta)

2. Hai un ristorante. Scrivi un dialogo con un cliente. (max 100 parole)

3. Traduci il testo.

1.Io, Marisa, Andrea e Guglielmo siamo al ristorante. 2. Marisa vuole ordinare un antipasto e un piatto di spaghetti al pomodoro. 3. Andrea vorrebbe mangiare del pesce 4. e Guglielmo vuole una bistecca. 5. Io vorrei ordinare una cotoletta con delle patatine fritte. 6. Da bere prendiamo una bottiglia d’acqua.

Risposte esatte: …/12 (2 punti per ogni risposta esatta)

4. Scrivi i numeri in lettere.

500

700

100

1000

300

800

Risposte esatte: …/6

SOMETHING ABOUT ITALY AND A LITTLE TIP!

Piatti tipici italiani

La pasta e la pizza sono i piatti tipici italiani più famosi. Ogni regione, però, ha le proprie pietanze tradizionali. A Milano, per esempio, puoi mangiare la cotoletta alla milanese. A Roma, puoi assaggiare la pasta alla carbonara. Oltre al gelato, uno dei dessert più gustosi è il tiramisù, che si prepara con savoiardi, mascarpone, caffè e cacao.

Italian typical dishes

Pasta and pizza are the most famous Italian dishes, even though every region has got its own traditional meals. In Milan, for example, you can eat the cotoletta alla milanese (a meat-based dish). In Rome, you can taste the pasta alla carbonara (pasta cooked with eggs and bacon). In addition to the ice cream, one of the tastiest desserts is the tiramisù, made with savoiardi cookies, mascarpone cheese, coffee and cocoa.

Cucina!

Cerca ricette italiane su internet (scritte in italiano!) e sorprendi i tuoi parenti e i tuoi amici. Potrai esercitare le tue abilità linguistiche e imparare a cucinare!

 

 

 

 

 

Cook!

Look for Italian recipes (written in Italian!) on the Internet and surprise your friends and family! You will have the opportunity to improve your language skills and to learn how to cook!

KEY

1.1. Good evening, what would you like to order? 2. I’d like a dish of pasta alla carbonara. 3. I’d like a dish of swordfish. 4. One pizza, please. 5. What would you like to drink? 6. A bottle of red wine. 7. And a bottle of water, thank you.

3. Marisa, Andrea, Guglielmo and I, we’re at the restaurant. 2. Marisa wants to order a starter and a dish of spaghetti with tomato sauce. 3. Andrea would like to eat some fish. 4. And Guglielmo wants a steak. 5. I’d like to order a cotoletta with French fries. 6. We’d like a bottle of water to drink.

4.Cinquecento/Settecento/Cento/Mille/Trecento/Ottocento

Risposte esatte: …/32

Se le tue risposte esatte sono 31/32, complimenti!

Se le tue risposte esatte sono 29/30, bravo/a, ma puoi fare di meglio!

Se le tue risposte esatte sono meno di 28, forse ti sei distratto/a! Rileggi la lezione e correggi gli errori!

 

Posted in Learn Italian | Leave a comment

Lesson 15: In albergo

Lesson 15: In Albergo

You’re going to find…

Grammar: Quale and quanto in the questions

Vocabulary: L’albergo

Reading Comprehension

Esercizi

Something About Italy and a Little Tip!

Key

 

GRAMMAR: Quale and quanto in the questions

Quale means “which, what”. Quanto means “how much, how many”. If you are in a hotel and you need to ask “How much does a double room cost?”, you’ll have to say “Quanto costa una stanza doppia?” o “Quanto viene una stanza doppia?”. If you need to ask “What services do you offer?”, you’ll say “Quali servizi offrite?”.

So,

Quanto/a/i/e = Quantity

Quale/i = Type

Examples:

A: Quante camere avete? (“How many rooms do you have?”)

B: Abbiamo 18 camere. (“We have 18 rooms.”)

A: Quale camera volete prenotare? (“Which room would you like to book?”)

B: La camera doppia. (“The double room.”)

 

VOCABULARY: L’albergo

In un albergo/hotel:

 

 

 

 

 

Mezzi di pagamento

 

 

 

 

 

Minigolf

 

 

 

 

 

Camera singola

 

 

 

 

 

Camera doppia

 

 

 

 

 

Sala congressi

 

 

 

 

 

Palestra

 

 

 

 

 

Piscina

 

 

 

 

 

Garage

 

 

 

 

 

Ristorante

Expressions you will need:

PRENOTARE: To book

CHIEDERE INFORMAZIONI: To ask for information

AVERE CAMERE DISPONIBILI: To have available rooms

PENSIONE COMPLETA: Full board

ALTA STAGIONE: High season

ACCETTARE CARTE DI CREDITO: To accept credit cards

READING TEXT

Sarah, Marco e Will sono in vacanza. Il loro albergo si trova vicino al mare. A pochi metri dall’hotel, ci sono il Golf e il Tennis Club e diversi stabilimenti balneari. L’albergo ha 20 camere con aria condizionata e riscaldamento, Wifi, televisione, telefono, sveglia, minibar, cassetta di sicurezza, bagno e asciugacapelli.

 

ESERCIZI

1. Domande sul testo

a. Dove si trova l’albergo in cui alloggiano Marco, Sarah e Will?

b. Quante camere ha?

c. Dove sono gli stabilimenti balneari?

d. Quante camere hanno il telefono?

Risposte esatte: …/8 (2 punti per ogni risposta corretta)

2. Write the right preposition (in or a)

a. L’albergo è vicino … stazione.

b. … hotel c’è il garage?

c. In albergo si arriva … macchina.

d. Il ristorante è … albergo.

e. L’hotel è … centro della città.

Risposte esatte: …/5

3. Quale or quanto?

a. … dista l’albergo dall’aeroporto?

b. … strada va verso il centro?

c. Per … notti desidera la camera?

d. … è la nostra camera?

Risposte esatte: …/4

4. Write a short description about a hotel (less than 50 words)

 

SOMETHING ABOUT ITALY AND A LITTLE TIP!

Dove alloggiare in Italia

Se ti fermi per poco tempo, prenota in un albergo. La categoria più bassa ha una stella. La categoria più alta ha cinque stelle. Se non vuoi spendere troppo, prenota in un ostello: sono disponibili anche camere singole o doppie se non vuoi dormire con altre persone. Puoi pure scegliere un bed and breakfast o la mezza pensione. Se ti fermi più a lungo, invece, affitta un appartamento o una stanza in un appartamento condiviso.

In albergo

Se sei in vacanza in Italia e alloggi in un hotel, usa sempre l’italiano per comunicare: quando leggi il menù, quando chiedi informazioni e se fai amicizia con qualcuno. Non chiedere mai alla gente che incontri se parla inglese!

 

KEY

1. a. Vicino al mare. b. 22. c. A pochi chilometri dall’albergo. d. Tutte.

2. alla/nell’/in/nell’/nel

3. quanto/quale/quante/qual

Risposte esatte: …/17

Se le tue risposte esatte sono 16/17, benissimo!

Se le tue risposte esatte sono 13/15, ok ma puoi fare di meglio!

Se le tue risposte esatte sono meno di 12, riprova!

Posted in Learn Italian | Leave a comment

Lesson 14: Un caffè al bar

Lesson 14: Un caffè al bar

You’re going to find…

GRAMMAR: Prendere o Volere and the use of the preposition da. How to order something to eat or to drink at the bar. 

VOCABULARY: Al bar

DIALOGUE: Un caffè al bar

ESERCIZI

SOMETHING ABOUT ITALY AND A LITTLE TIP!

KEY

 

GRAMMAR: Prendere o Volere and the use of the preposition da. How to order something to eat or to drink at the bar. 

If we need to order something to eat or to drink at the bar, we should use the verb prendere (“to take”) or volere (“to want”).

Do you remember the Presente Indicativo of these verbs?

PRENDERE (regular)

Io prendo

Tu prendi

Lui/lei prende

Noi prendiamo

Voi prendete

Loro prendono

VOLERE (irregular)

Io voglio

Tu vuoi

Lui/lei vuole

Noi vogliamo

Voi volete

Loro vogliono

Note: we conjugate volere in the conditional tense if we want to be more polite:

Io vorrei

Tu vorresti

Lui/lei vorrebbe

Noi vorremmo

Voi vorreste

Loro vorrebbero

Anyway, we’re going to learn how to conjugate in this tense in the future.

Example:

Voglio un panino: “I want a sandwich”

Vorrei un panino: “I’d like a sandwich”

And do you remember the preposition da?

If we are at the bar with someone and we’d like to ask him/her what he/she’d like to eat or to drink, we say:

Cosa prendi da mangiare/bere?

Vuoi qualcosa da mangiare/bere?

 

VOCABULARY: At the bar

A: Cosa prendi da bere?

Cosa prendi da mangiare?

Cosa vuoi da bere?

Cosa vuoi da mangiare?

B: Vorrei…

Un succo di pera

 

 

 

 

Una brioche/un cornetto

 

 

 

 

Una piadina

 

 

 

 

 

Un cappuccino

 

 

 

 

 

Un caffè

 

 

 

 

 

Un tramezzino

 

 

 

 

Un bicchiere d’acqua

 

 

 

 

Un panino

 

 

 

 

Una spremuta d’arancia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Una focaccia

 

 

 

 

 

Other things you can order at the bar:

- una tazza di tè con latte (a cup of tea with milk)

- una tazza di tè con limone (a cup of tea with lemon)

- un toast

- una cioccolata calda (a cup of hot chocolate)

- un’insalata (a salad)

- una Coca Cola (a Coke)

- un bicchiere di tè freddo (a glass of iced tea)

- una bottiglietta d’acqua (a small bottle of water)

 

DIALOGUE: Un caffè al bar

Will: 1. Ragazzi, vi offro qualcosa al bar.

Sarah: 2. Grazie, Will.

Marco: 3. Vorrei un caffè, per piacere.

Barista: 4. Ecco a lei!

Sarah: 5. Io vorrei un succo d’arancia e una brioche.

Will: 6. Per me un cappuccino.

Barista: 7. Ecco a voi!

Will e Sarah: 8. Grazie!

Will: 9. Quant’è?

Barista: 10. Sono 9 euro e 50.

ESERCIZI (Key at the end of the lesson)

1. Translate the dialogue. 

Risposte esatte: …/20 (2 punti per ogni risposta esatta)

2. Volere, per me, prendere o vorrei?

a. Buongiorno. (Io) … un toast con prosciutto e formaggio.

b. Salve! Lei … un caffè macchiato. … un cappuccino, per favore.

c. Io … un panino farcito, per favore.

d. (Tu) … qualcosa da bere?

e. Lucia … una Coca Cola.

f. Loro … solo un caffè lungo.

Risposte esatte: …/7

3. E tu, cosa ordini al bar? Scrivi un breve testo (circa 70 parole). 

 

SOMETHING ABOUT ITALY AND A LITTLE TIP!

Caffè italiani

Nei bar italiani, si servono molti tipi di caffè:

- caffè macchiato (una tazzina di caffè con un po’ di latte)

- caffè con panna

- caffè ristretto (una tazzina di caffè forte)

- caffè corretto (una tazzina di caffè con un piccolo shot di liquore)

- caffè decaffeinato

- caffè aromatizzato

- caffè lungo (o caffè americano)

- latte macchiato (un bicchiere di latte con un po’ di caffè)

- cappuccino chiaro (una tazza di cappuccino con più crema di latte e meno caffè).

Crea il tuo bar!

Per imparare le frasi e il vocabolario da usare al bar, prepara caffè e panini a casa ed esercitati con i tuoi amici facendo domande e rispondendo in italiano!

 

KEY

1. 1. Guys, let me buy you something at the bar. 2. Thank you, Will. 3. I’d like a cup of coffee, please. 4. Here you are! 5. I’d like an orange juice and a croissant. 6. I’d like a cup of cappuccino. 7. Here you are! 8. Thank you. 9. How much is it? 10. 9 euros and 50 cents.

2. vorrei, vorrebbe, per me, vorrei, vuoi, vuole, prendono

Risposte esatte: …/27

Se le tue risposte esatte sono 26/27, bravissimo/a!

Se le tue risposte esatte sono 23/25, non male!

Se le tue risposte sono meno di 22, rivedi la lezione!

Posted in Learn Italian | Leave a comment

Italian Opera Houses – the Ultimate Opera Experience

If you wish to experience opera in all its old world charm and glory, there is nowhere else for it than the birth place of opera, Italy. Some of the opera houses of Italy date back to the Middle Ages, but have been retained to preserve all their eternal and timeless enchantment. The live performance of opera in one of these opera houses is an ethereal experience that can enthrall even the harshest critic of this classic art form.

An opera time in Italy begins from October and extends to April or March with alfresco performances being held during summer season. Almost every major Italian city has an opera house, a fact that bears testimony to the deep and abiding link between this ageless art form and Italy. Now, let’s traverse through some famous opera houses of this enchanting country.

Teatro Alla Scala

Any study of the history of Italian opera should begin at Teatro Alla Scala, the famous opera house of Milan. The creation of the famous Giuseppe Piermarini, the theater originally started in the year 1778. It witnessed some of the most renowned operas of the world. The second World War left its scars on this grant edifice. A year after the war, it was reopened and once again regained its reputation as one of the premier houses of Italian opera. The present façade is the result of another extensive renovation in 2004.

Teatro La Fenice

Venetian homage to opera is the Teatro La Fenice which has virtually mirrored its namesake the Phoenix with the theatre being twice gutted by fire in its more than 230 years of history. Both the times it was reborn with more beauty to enchant the world of opera. A recent restoration has added to the timeless quality of La Fenice.

Teatro San Carlo

From Venice to Naples, we have reached the opera house in Italy, the Teatro San Carlo, which is the oldest one. It was established in 1737 and was the birth place of ballet which was performed during the breaks between the opera performances. Even today the theater holds opera, short comic and ballet performances.

Teatro Massimo

Palermo in Sicily has the unique distinction of having one of the most excellent and foremost opera houses in Europe, the Teatro Massimo. The commencement of Palermo’s famous belle époque can be traced back to the opening of the Massimo in 1897. The opera house still stages some of the best in opera, music and ballet.

Teatro Comunale di Bologna

The city of Bologna houses one of the oldest opera houses in Italy, the Teatro Comunale di Bologna. The theatre is a breathtaking tribute to eighteenth century baroque-style architecture and is situated in the center of the historic district of Bologna. It offers its services to opera, symphony and ballet performances.

Teatro Regio di Parma – Teatro Verdi

The Teatro Regio di Parma – Teatro Verdi is Parma’s contribution to opera. This theatre, constructed in the year 1829, follows the neo-classical architectural style and is decorated in rich stucco and golden designs. Opera, drama, dance and concerts are held even today. The theater also hosts special events.

Teatro Verdi di Pisa

The city of Pisa houses not just the Leaning Tower. It is also the location of Teatro Verdi, famed as magnificent and breathtaking theaters ever in the central part of Italy. This 900-seater structure was opened to the public in 1867. The impressive fresco that adorns the ceiling of the theatre is as grandiose as the performances that are staged under it.

Teatro Regio Torino

And now we have reached the city of Turin to visit the Famous Teatro Regio Torino inside Piazza Castello. Originally constructed in the 19th century, the theater got demolished in a fire in the year 1936. It was rebuilt in 1973 and presently is very popular for its opera performances, musicals and plays.

Teatro dell’opera di Roma

The breathtaking Rome has another enticing treat to its credit, the classy Teatro dell’opera di Roma. The theater has been the setting for many depictions of this classical art form. The season of summer is famous for the amazing opera performances under the star studded sky of the Baths of Caracalla.

When in Italy, take some time out to catch an opera performance in one of these ageless wonders to understand the true essence of opera.

Posted in Travel | Leave a comment

Lesson 13: Vado in viaggio!

Lesson 13: Vado in viaggio!

You’re going to find…

GRAMMAR: Imperfetto Indicativo: Let’s talk about the past!

VOCABULARY: I mezzi di trasporto

DIALOGUE: Vado in viaggio!

ESERCIZI

SOMETHING ABOUT ITALY AND A LITTLE TIP!

KEY

 

 

GRAMMAR

IMPERFETTO INDICATIVO: LET’S TALK ABOUT THE PAST!

In Italian, if we need to talk about how we used to be or the things we used to do, we have to use the imperfetto indicativo.

Examples:

- When I was young, I used to play with my friends every single day.

Quando ero piccolo, giocavo con i miei amici tutti i giorni.

- Helena used to sing in a rock band.

Helena cantava in un gruppo di musica rock.

 

 

VOCABULARY

I MEZZI DI TRASPORTO (Means of Transport)

Macchina or automobile/auto

 

 

 

 

Aereo

 

 

 

 

 

Treno

 

 

 

 

Autobus

 

 

 

 

 

Nave

 

 

 

 

 

Traghetto

 

 

 

 

Moto

 

 

 

 

 

Bicicletta/bici

 

 

 

 

 

 

We use the preposition in with the means of transport.

Examples:

In macchina (by car)
In aereo (by plane)

Common phrases

- To take the plane at the airport.

Prendere l’aereo all’aeroporto.

- To take the train at the train station.

Prendere il treno alla stazione ferroviaria.

- To take the bus at the bus stop.

Prendere l’autobus alla fermata dell’autobus.

- To go on board a ship.

Salire su una nave.

- To get on a motorbike/bike.

Salire su una moto/bicicletta.

 

 

DIALOGUE: VADO IN VIAGGIO!

Marco: 1. Will, cosa stai facendo?
Will: 2. Sto preparando le valigie. 3. Vado negli Stati Uniti per visitare la mia famiglia e i miei amici.
Marco: 4. A che ora parte l’aereo?
Will: 5. Alle 16.
Marco: 6. Posso accompagnarti in macchina all’aeroporto.

ESERCIZI (Key at the end of the lesson)

1. Translate the dialogue

Risposte esatte: …/12 (2 punti per ogni risposta esatta)

2. Write 10 sentences about something you used to to in the past

3. Choose the right verb

a. Il mio nome è Sara ma quando … piccola mia madre mi … sempre Saretta.
b. Il peluche preferito di Antonio … Pallino.
c. Andrea non … mai andare all’asilo.
d. I miei migliori amici … a calcio nella squadra della mia città.
e. Tu … sempre in ritardo ai nostri appuntamenti.
f. Voi … dei piatti buonissimi.
g. Prima noi … sempre la televisione. Adesso la odiamo!

cucinare, arrivare, volere, chiamare, essere, chiamarsi, giocare, guardare

Risposte esatte: …/8

4. Choose the right mean of transport

a. L’ … volava alto nel cielo.
b. In città, mi sposto sempre in …
c. La … sta correndo sull’autostrada.
d. La … è un mezzo di trasporto economico e salutare.
e. Il … viaggia dalla Sicilia alla Calabria.
f. Devo salire sulla …

nave, aereo, macchina/automobile, autobus, traghetto, bicicletta

Risposte esatte: …/6

 

 

SOMETHING ABOUT ITALY AND A LITTLE TIP!

Mezzi di trasporto italiani

La marca (brand) di automobili più famosa dell’Italia è la Fiat. La compagnia aerea di bandiera è l’Alitalia, mentre l’impresa ferroviaria statale si chiama Trenitalia. Due marche conosciute (famous) di moto italiane sono la Ducati e la Piaggio.

Programma un viaggio!

Naviga sui siti web di Trenitalia o di Alitalia (usa le loro versioni italiane!) e programma un itinerario di viaggio con tutte le città italiane che vuoi vedere. Fai una lista (make a list) con gli orari di partenza (departure) e di arrivo e con i monumenti (landmarks) e le cose che vuoi vedere. Questo è un buon esercizio per imparare (learn) parole nuove e… sognare (dream)!

 

 

KEY

1. 1. Will, what are you doing? 2. I’m packing my suitcase. 3. I’m going to the States in order to visit my family and my friends. 4. What time does the plane take off? 5. At 4 pm. 6. I can take you to the airport by car.

3. ero, chiamava, si chiamava, voleva, giocavano, arrivavi, cucinavate, guardavamo

4. aereo, autobus, macchina/automobile, bicicletta, traghetto, nave

Risposte esatte: …/26

Se le tue risposte esatte sono 24/26, bravo/a!
Se le tue risposte esatte sono 21/23, ok!
Se le tue risposte esatte sono meno di 20, rivedi la lezione e riprova!

Posted in Learn Italian, Travel | Leave a comment

Lesson 12: Fai sport?

Lesson 12

Fai sport?

You’re going to find…

Do you remember Imperfetto Indicativo?

Vocabulary: Sport

Dialogue: Ti piace fare sport?

Exercises

Something About Italy and a Little Tip

Key

 

Do you remember Imperfetto Indicativo

Lesson 10’s grammar part was about the most important uses of the Imperfetto Indicativo (if you don’t remember them, please, take a look and then come back). In this lesson, we’re going to learn how to conjugate it and soon we’re going to understand better its usage because we’re going to compare it to the Passato Prossimo Indicativo. Anyway, now let’s just focus on the Imperfetto Indicativo’s conjugation!

Verbs ending in –are

Amare

Io am-avo

Tu am-avi

Lui/lei am-ava

Noi am-avamo

Voi am-avate

Loro am-avano

As you can easily see, we just need to add –avo, -avi-, -ava, -avamo, -avate, -avano to the verb root. And we do exactly the same thing with the verbs ending in –ere and in –ire.

Verbs ending in -ere

Avere

Io av-evo

Tu av-evi

Lui/lei av-eva

Noi av-evamo

Voi av-evate

Loro av-evano

Verbs ending in –ire

Sentire

Io sent-ivo

Tu sent-ivi

Lui/lei sent-iva

Noi sent-ivamo

Voi sent-ivate

Loro sent-ivano

The IRREGULAR VERBS are FARE, ESSERE, DIRE, BERE and TRADURRE.

Fare

Io facevo

Tu facevi

Lui/lei faceva

Noi facevamo

Voi facevate

Loro facevano

Essere

Io ero

Tu eri

Lui/lei era

Noi eravamo

Voi eravate

Loro erano

Dire

Io dicevo

Tu dicevi

Lui/lei diceva

Noi dicevamo

Voi dicevate

Loro dicevano

Bere

Io bevevo

Tu bevevi

Lui/lei beveva

Noi bevevamo

Voi bevevate

Loro bevevano

Tradurre

Io traducevo

Tu traducevi

Lui/lei traduceva

Noi traducevamo

Voi traducevate

Loro traducevano

 

Vocabulary: Sport

A: Fai sport? (Do you practice any sport?)

B: Sì, …

…gioco a calcio (I play football)

…gioco a tennis (I play tennis)

…gioco a pallavolo (I play volleyball)

…gioco a pallacanestro (I play basketball)

…gioco a baseball (I play baseball)

…gioco a pallamano (I play handball)

…gioco a hockey sul ghiaccio/sul prato (I play ice hockey/field hockey)

…gioco a pallanuoto (I play water polo)

 

…faccio/pratico arti marziali (I practice martial arts)

…nuoto (I swim)

…faccio palestra (I go to the gym)

…ballo (I dance)

…faccio equitazione (I practice horse riding)

…scio (I ski)

 

Other sports:

Alpinismo (mountaineering)

Arrampicata (climbing)

Atletica leggera (track and field athletics)

Automobilismo (auto racing)

Bodybuilding/Culturismo

Canottaggio (rowing)

Ciclismo (cycling)

Jogging/corsa

Golf

Ginnastica artistica (artistic gymnastics)

Motociclismo (motorcycle sport)

Pattinaggio a rotelle/su ghiaccio (Roller stating/ice skating)

Pugilato/Boxe (boxing)

Sport nautici (water sports)

Tiro con l’arco (archery)

 

Dialogue

1. Ti piace fare sport?

Marco: 2. Sarah, tu fai sport?

Sarah: 3. Quando ero piccola giocavo a tennis. 4. Adesso faccio arti marziali. E tu?

Marco: 5. Gioco a calcio e nuoto. 6. Will fa qualche attività fisica?

Sarah: 7. Sì, negli Stati Uniti gioca a baseball. 8. Qui va in palestra tre volte la settimana.

Exercises

  1. Translate the dialogue

Risposte esatte: …/16 (2 points for every right answer)

2. E a te piace fare sport? Write a short text (less than 100 words) about the sport/s you enjoy to play or… watch on tv!

3. Imperfetto indicativo: write the right verb

piacere, dire, essere, suonare, essere, essere, volere, parlare, essere, tradurre

a. Quando … piccola, giocavo a pallavolo.

b. Simone … il pianoforte.

c. I miei migliori amici … uscire.

d. Alessia e io … molto amiche.

e. Voi … male i testi inglesi.

f. Tu … sempre male di tua sorella.

g. Lui le … sempre che l’amava.

h. Mia madre … una brava ballerina.

i. Voi … al concerto dei Coldplay ieri sera?

j. Mi … cantare.

Risposte esatte: …/10

4. In the following text, change the verbs (from Presente Indicativo to Imperfetto)

Ogni mattina mi alzo alle 7:30 e vado a lavoro alle 8:30. Alle 12, pranzo. Finisco di lavorare alle 17. Alle 17:30 vado in palestra. Alle 19 torno a casa e ceno. Alle 22 mi faccio la doccia. Alle 23 guardo un film e poi vado a letto.

Risposte esatte: …/10

 

Something about Italy and a Little Tip!

Lo sport in Italia

In Italia, lo sport più praticato e seguito è il calcio, il cui campionato inizia a settembre e finisce a maggio. La maggior parte degli appassionati di calcio tifa per una squadra di Serie A ma esistono anche squadre minori. Alcune delle squadre più conosciute sono la Juventus, il Milan, l’Inter e la Roma. La pallacanestro e la pallavolo sono altri due sport abbastanza amati. In ogni caso, agli italiani lo sport piace più guardarlo che farlo!

La Gazzetta dello Sport

Se ti piace lo sport e vuoi conoscere i modi di dire e le espressioni sportive più comuni e usati dai giornalisti, leggi la Gazzetta dello Sport, il quotidiano sportivo più famoso d’Italia. Puoi trovarlo su internet accedendo al sito www.gazzetta.it. Se capiti in Italia o la tua edicola è ben fornita, compra una copia cartacea per sottolineare direttamente le frasi e le parole che ti interessano.

 

Key

1. 1.Do you like doing sport?2.Sarah, do you practice any sport?3.When I was younger, I used to play tennis.4.Now I practice martial arts. What about you?5.I play football and I swim.6.Does Will practice any sport?7.Yes, in USA he plays baseball.8.Here, he goes to the gym three times a week.

3. ero, suonava, volevano, eravamo, traducevate, parlavi, diceva, era, eravate, piaceva

4. alzavo, andavo, pranzavo, finivo, andavo, tornavo, cenavo, facevo, guardavo, andavo

Risposte esatte: …/36

Se le tue risposte esatte sono 34/36, allora complimenti!

Se le tue risposte esatte sono 30/34, non male, però, se hai dubbi, rivedi gli argomenti che non ti sono chiari.

Se le tue risposte esatte sono meno di 29, rivedi tutta la lezione e riprova!

Posted in Learn Italian | Leave a comment

Venice, the Incomparable Mermaid of Italy

When you go to Italy you should definitely pay a visit to that grand old lady, Venice. It’s one visit which you would never regret and cherish forever. Venice spreads over the inland water bodies of Italy like a beautiful mermaid enticing and charming all those who have had luck to fall under her spell.

Venice is the only pedestrian city in the world. The first thing that you would notice when you land here is the total absence of cars. Yes, if you wish to truly experience Venice, the best way to do it is on foot. You can either do it with help of licensed tourist guides, or you can just follow the crowd of tourists who are everywhere.

Another way to move around the city is by using the public water transports or the vaporettis and water taxis, or you can explore taking a gondola ride which is definitely not the cheapest (80 Euro for an 1-hour tour) but definitely the most romantic way.  Now let’s travel across the heart of Venice to enjoy the many tourist fares that she has to offer us.

The Canal Grande

The Grand Canal (or the Canal Grande in Italian) is the largest canal in the city spreading out for a length of 3.8 kilometers. The Grand Canal is the most beautiful of Venetian streets. It is the best means to see some of the most spectacular and amazing architectural marvels of the city. As you cruise down the canal, you get to see the breathtaking facades of the Basilica de Santa Maria Della Salute, the Accademia Gallery, the Corner-Spinelli and Grimnai palaces and the Ca’d’Oro and the Grassi.

The Grand Canal is crossed by three bridges – three architectural beauties – the Accademia, Rialto and the Scalzi Rialto and is flanked by double rows of shops that is the delight for any visitor.

And one thing that you should never miss on a visit to Venice – a gondola ride through the Grand Canal on a moon lit night. There is nothing more romantic than a slow cruise through the silver splendor of the Grand Canal when you are being serenaded by the gondola rider. This is one experience that you would never want to forgo.

The Piazza San Marco

The grandest square in Venice is Piazza San Marco (St. Mark’s Square). It’s said that if you sit in one of the wayside cafes of Piazza San Marco, you can see the whole world pass by. The square is a perpetual mass of moving human bodies and flying pigeons (you can’t leave the piazza without feeding pigeons; it is almost like a ritual for every single tourist who visits Venice). Piazza San Marco is dominated by two of the most famous attractions of Venice, the Basilica San Marco and the Doge’s Palace. The Basilica is a beautiful and statuesque construction that houses the Tomb of Saint Mark (San Marco). It is a unique architectural combination of Byzantine, Romanesque and Arabesque styles that accounts for its attraction.

Venice is resplendent with churches that, in addition to being sacred are also architectural marvels. So, let’s take a quick detour to visit them.

Basilica de Santa Maira Gloriosa Dei Frari

This monumental church built in gothic style is not just a place of worship but is also an exquisite paradise for art lovers with its countless works of art which includes the altarpiece of Assumption that has been designed by the famous Titian and a wooden statue  sculpted by the inimitable Donatello.

Basilica de Santa Maria Della Salute

The Basilica de Santa Maria Della Salute (St. Mary of Salvation) is one of the most famous landmarks of Venice. The enormous white dome of the basilica dominates the skyline from the Grand Canal. The church has been constructed in the octagonal shape and has been built partly using marmarino, a brick that is covered with marble dust. This makes the water reflect on the bright surface and is a sight to behold at night.

The Island of Murano

Murano ‑ the island of glass. A visit to Venice is incomplete without a water ride to this island which is the home to Venice’s glass blowing industry. The shops which are open round the year can be a budget shopper’s nightmare, but bargaining is the norm here. So don’t hesitate to try out your skills in Italian.

This bewitching mermaid of Italy would entice you with the exceptional fares that she has laid for your enjoyment. So do visit Venice and come back with memories worth of a lifetime.

Posted in Travel | Leave a comment

Top 5 Places While Visiting Rome

The city of Rome is one of the most significant and enriching destinations on the planet.  The capital of Italy and its history, exude undiscovered places which become a true gem for archeologists.

Rome can be a vast maze for any first time or returning traveler as there are so many historic sites to take in.  To set in motion your itinerary, here are destinations which should be on any traveler’s must see list while in Rome.

Trevi Fountain

One of the most famous attractions is the Trevi Fountain.  This isn’t your typical fountain.

This baroque style water structure is featured in many films, and spans 20 meters (65 feet 71332 inches) wide and 26 meters (85 feet 3⅝ inches) high.

Engineers of that time completed the structure in 1762, which is considered modern times compared to other historic sites and structures in Rome.

Fable has it that if you turn your back to the fountain, make a wish, and using your right hand, over your left shoulder, throw a coin into the water, you are assured a return trip to Rome.

This destination is a hub for tourists so be prepared for large crowds.

The Colosseum

The Colosseum, though quite touristy, is the last of its kind, and in terms of size, remains the largest in Roman history.

It is a massive structure, with an oval design, standing 156 meters (510 ft / 528 Roman feet) wide; 189 meters (615 ft / 640 Roman feet) long; and utilizes 6 acres for its base.

In its prime, the amphitheatre could seat up to 50,000 spectators.  During the height of the Roman Empire – around 90 AD, it was used for a number of purposes including:  re-enactments of classic combats, animal hunts, mock sea combats, dramas which were based on Classical mythology, and probably most famous – gladiator competitions.

By the Middle Ages, the Colosseum was no longer used for this type of entertainment.

During Medieval and Modern times (6th – 17th centuries), the building was used as workshops, for bullfights, housing, a quarry, quarters for a religious order, and a Christian shrine.

When visiting this massive structure, be prepared for long lines, as it is a famous tourist destination and many, many tourists visit the structure daily.

The Pantheon

This building, which was built around 126 AD, was custom built by Marcus Agrippa as a temple, representing all the gods of ancient Rome.

The dome of the Pantheon is ranked as the largest unreinforced concrete dome, in the world.  It stands 43.3 meters (142 ft.)

This structure is a must-see while in Rome.  Located on the northeast side of the city, near the Piazza Navona, the Pantheon, as compared to other ancient Roman buildings, has been very well preserved.

As this building has been occupied for over 2,000 years, you are treated to a step back in time, walking on marble floors that were meandered through by ancient Romans those many years ago.

The Pantheon is currently used as a church, and two of Italy’s kings, and a queen are buried here:  Umberto I and Vittorio Emanuele II, and Umberto’s Queen, Margherita.

Tours of Vatican City

There are so many wonderful and awe-inspiring sites to visit in Vatican City that it is most practical to enlist in a guided tour.

It’s one thing to marvel at historical sites, but to understand the significance and what you’re marveling at, is an entirely different intensity.

St. Peter’s Basilica is the central peak of a tour to Vatican City, primarily because it’s the world’s representation of this historical city-state.  This stunning Basilica is remarkable on a level that a small number of buildings and structures can contend with.

It may even be the highlight of your stay in Rome.

A tour will also help you find your way through the Vatican Museums.

Discover treasures from the East, Egypt, Etruria, ancient Roman sculptures, and the world-renowned painted ceiling – the Sistine Chapel.

St. Peter’s Basilica is the quintessential image of Catholicism, and of Vatican City itself.

It is utterly amazing and worth a visit no matter your religious beliefs.

Lastly, inspired by the book, Angels and Demons, by author, Dan Brown, the Angels and Demons Secret Vatican Tour is truly magnificent and worth a stop-over. 

Palantine Hill and the Roman Forums

Palantine Hill, Roman and Imperial Forums, are no longer present in its original glory.

But they are ruins which offer significant clues and insight into the Romans of old.     

Many visitors visualize themselves during ancient Roman times, amongst the Romans and how they lived.

There are numerous guide books such as the Oxford Archaeological Guide to Rome by Amanda Claridge, which can map out, offer pictures and diagrams to help transport you back in time, imagining the ruins as they once were during ancient Roman civilization.

Palantine Hill is also a great place to picnic and take in this historic site.

Rome is a place where you can taste the times gone by through its ancient sites, and culture.  Lose yourself in its iconic structures and become a part of the many that have discovered this remarkable revered city.

Posted in Travel | Leave a comment

Top 5 Places to Visit While in Italy

There are so many beautiful, romantic, and historic places to visit while in Italy.  In fact, compared to other major countries, Italy boasts more World Heritage Sites than any other.

Italy is a tourist wonderland filled with some of the most intriguing, dynamic and culturally stimulating places on the planet. Scenic coastlines, regal lakes, mountains and superior art, not to mention the incredibly fragrant cuisine, are nothing less than a visitor’s dream paradise.

When traveling to Italy, its best to focus on regions that will offer you a diverse, pleasurable and satisfying experience.

Rome

The very first stop should be the Colosseum. This monumental structure – an oval shaped amphitheatre, is the most popular tourist attraction in Italy.  The Colosseum can be dated back to 70 to 82 AD, and was able to hold 50,000 viewers as they watched many events including the infamous “Fight of Gladiators.”

Another famous structure and monument in Rome is the Vatican, the official home of the Pope.

Aside from its religious significance, the Vatican attracts a vast number of tourists due to its captivating architecture.  The Sistine Chapel, which was painted by Michelangelo is an architectural wonder in itself with its impressive dome structure and mirrors.  Why mirrors?  Mirrors are used to make it easy for you to view the amazing architecture without straining your neck or back.

Many travelers who have been to Italy say you haven’t experienced Italy until you’ve thrown a coin in the Trevi Fountain!

Venice

A trip to Italy must include the Grand Canal in Venice.  As it sits on a bed of water, Venice embodies incredible canals which form main traffic passages throughout the city.  The best way to take in the Grand Canal is by water bus or private water taxi.  However, the ultimate romantic experience is viewing Venice by gondola.

Other fascinating sites include Neoclassic and Byzantine 13th to 18th century architecture.  Stop by the Doge’s Palace to experience wonderful art including frescoes and carvings.  This is also the palace which held captive, Casanova, the infamous lover and con artist.

It’s also worth seeing the Bridge of Sighs.  With its beautiful white limestone base and stone bars, it over overlooks the Rio di Palazzo and adjoins to the old prisons and interrogation room within Doge’s Palace.

Capri

The Island of Capri is quite simply put, a glorious oasis!  This destination, which is a hot spot for celebrities, covers beautiful beaches, lots of warm sunshine and a relaxing atmosphere.

Tour the island by boat to experience its crystal blue waters; lush flora and rich in fauna; and its many creeks, caves and bays. 

Pisa

The Pisa Cathedral is the highlight of this great city.  The famed Cathedral which is tiled and freestanding, was constructed back in 1173 but the structure began sinking by 1178.  With construction continuing some 100 years later, engineers attempted to balance the tower by building floors which were higher on one side versus the other.

The structure’s maximum height is 186 ft (57 meters) at one end and stands 183 ft (56 meters) on the other.

Now that Pisa Cathedral was been steadied using displaced excavated soil and counterweights, visitors and tourists may climb to the top and take in a grand view of Pisa.  

Florence

With its archaic buildings and striking flower gardens, this medieval town features an array of colored marble with various masterpiece highlights from Michelangelo.

A must see is the Rose Garden which is within close proximity to Michelangelo Square, as well as the Boboli Gardens at the Pitt Palace.

Speaking of Michelangelo, you’ll find the tombs of the famed painter as well as the renowned scientist, Galileo – all in Florence.

Another wonderful architectural piece of mastery is the 17 ft (5.2 meters) Statue of David located at the Accademia Galleria.

Experiencing Florence is indulging one’s self in the local Florentine Cuisine.  Many restaurants feature traditional Tuscan food rich with local produce, beans, grilled meats and mild cheeses.

Some dishes to consider are:  Crostini di fegato – Chicken liver crostini, Fettunta – Toasted bread with olive oil, Lasagne al Forno – Lasagna, Ravioli nudi – Naked ravioli, Pasta e fagioli – Pasta with beans, Ribollita – Vegetable and bread soup, and Trippa all fiorentina – Florentine-style tripe.

Posted in Travel | Leave a comment